I would like to monitor my physical mailbox so I can know when something is inserted in it. The reason is this was an abandonned mailbox for years so people are used to put the junk mails in it (despite a trash can being available), I posted some messages and the amount of junk mail was reduced but there are some people who do not read them or choose to ignore them.
I'm still a bit lucky since my flat door has a direct view on the mailboxes, but I can't spend my day opening the door randomly.
What I would like to do is put a detector near the top of my mailbox which would send a push notification to my phone, or send real time datas to my internet box network so I can have an alarm ring or anything when someone puts something in my box and thus get to know who's doing this.
I have searched for proximity detectors but most of them are either super expensive or designed to detect human presence (And I do not want to detect human presence, there are people passing by my mailbox every hours or so). I'm just looking for the kind of detectors I would play with as a kid :
A laser -----------> A receptor, break the laser beam and it is detected, then I do not really know how to send the signal to my own network, My phone can connect to my wifi from outside the mailbox (I'll have to try to connect from the inside of the mailbox as well though), and I can't really have a wire from my mailbox to an electrical outlet, so I'm a bit lost regarding the kind of devices I'm looking for here.
I think this is the kind of material I need, but his method of detection would not work for me so I do not know which sensors to buy : https://www.instructables.com/id/Cheap-Arduino-Wireless-Mailbox-Detector-Device/
Here's a (superb paint) drawing of my mailbox and the disposition of the mailboxes and my flat:
To sum up my question, I would like to know what kind of sensors and material I am looking for.
Edit : The rectangle at the top of the mailbox is just a hole in which the postman (or others) puts the letters, I'm the only one who can fully open the box.