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A car can be considered a "thing" in an Internet of Things. It does provide operational data to its manufacturer, is able to do emergency calls, can receive remote updates, etc.

Looking at the car "thing" more in detail however, it itself is comprised of many different things again. Its internal things are communicating, interacting with each other via their own network (CAN or Flexray).

Examples:

  • a seat, which is informing others when being seated
  • a steering wheel, which tells when being gripped, able to forward user commands
  • a tire, providing pressure data
  • a mirror, dynamically adapting to lighting conditions, providing environmental data

Just going by the definition, can a car by itself be considered a small scale IoT?

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    Why? What is the context for this question? This is an “how many angels can dance on the head of a pin” kind of question. It’s just semantics. It sounds like you already have an opinion, so argue that with whoever you need to.
    – romkey
    Nov 28 '21 at 1:24
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    if your definition of IoT encompasses devices, such as a car, then yes ... after all you are free to consider the car any way you like
    – jsotola
    Nov 28 '21 at 1:32
  • @romkey - Sorry, I did not mean to upset you. I was reading IoT definitions and it was just a thought, which however does not align with the idea of IoT. It feels wrong. So I was hoping you could help me clear it up.
    – 0laf
    Nov 28 '21 at 11:25
  • @0laf there are probably as many definitions of IoT (and all related terms) as there are people in the field.
    – jcaron
    Nov 28 '21 at 11:59
  • We have a question which might give you some insight iot.stackexchange.com/questions/99/…
    – Helmar
    Nov 29 '21 at 9:05
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The car would not be an internet in itself, in my opinion. To qualify as internet, a network would need to extend beyond small boundaries such as a car. Let me explain.

So, yes, the car has a network of connected sensors and controllers. It may even connect these by ethernet internally and use TCP/IP and even MQTT. But from an IoT endpoint perspective, the car is probably one or a few endpoints. i.e, there's one/few controllers that collect metrics and sends it up. If there's remote features such as remote lock/unlock, that controller will handle the incoming messages. This is done from a security perspective and an API perspective (to enable information sets and business rules).

So, from a remote endpoint, you will probably command it like: SetTirePressuresPSI(LeftFront, RightFront, LeftRear, RightRear) Another way for the car IoT design would be to allow each tire pressure controller to be a thing on the internet, capable of talking to the cloud directly. Then, you'd have to send 4 separate messages remotely, which may leave the car in an unstable state if you lose connectivity in the middle. With the command to set them together, the pressures can be brought up in a way where the car is stable at all times. Maybe it can also be prevented if the temperature is above a certain limit, etc. (business rules at the edge)

So, you'll have either one controller for the car or one controller for some set of subsystems. This gets into the area of API design and choosing the right level of granularity.

There is a similar situation with buildings, rooms, sensors, switches, lights, etc. There's relationships among all these and the cloud world may know about them too. But in this case, it is ok for each device to be connected to the cloud. The security and safety implications of lights and temperature settings are far less troublesome.

When you use a protocol such as MQTT, you can build some addressing in the topic such as CARSerNum/Controller/Command where the message can be about the domain but the pub sub system allows you to implement that with various deployments. i.e, a site controller where there is one IoT endpoint or via various controllers each being an endpoint.

AWS recently released a new tool called twinmaker which you may find fascinating. Check it out. https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/iot/introducing-aws-iot-twinmaker/ It allows one to think in terms of real world objects, messages and topics. The actual IoT network deployment to achieve that is flexible.

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