Questions tagged [security]

For questions relating to the security of IoT devices (especially those connected directly to the internet) and how to mitigate these issues or avoid them altogether. Do not confuse this with device safety (If it gets hacked it's a security question, if it explodes it's a safety question).

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PTZ Security Camera Stuck in a Tour

I have an outdoor PTZ Dome Camera of unknown manufacturer but it has a type number sticker saying, NG4RT-42718. It came with CMS V3.1.0.8 software. This seemed to drive the camera adequately until I ...
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How to play specific sound to speaker when motions detected at specific time?

If motion 1,2,3 detected at midnight, I would like to play this sound to my deck speaker and flash my smart bulb red (on repeat). What is the basic way to achieve this? Tools: Samsung SmartThings hub, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

Certificate Management for IOT devices

What is the best practice for certificate management on an IOT device (bare metal microcontroller with GSM modem that communicates to a secured MQTT broker)? Looking at Let's Encrypt certbot, they ...
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3 votes
2 answers
87 views

How secure connection between modem and microchip

My board has a separate Quectel MC66 modem and STM32 microchip. The communication between modem and microchip is AT Commands. If a hacker connected a wire between modem and microchip, he could have ...
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1 answer
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Can traffic spy see username and password of MQTT client

Can Traffic spy see the username and password of client send to broker when broker don't use TLS ?
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Block GSM communication of a cellular modem with AT commands

I have a cellular modem that supports GSM, 3G and LTE. I want for security reasons to block/disable GSM support, meaning that it will not be able to connect to any GSM BTS. Partial solutions I came up ...
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3 votes
1 answer
58 views

LoRaWAN end-to-end security with Over The Air Activation

We are planning to connect several thousands of door opening and other home security sensors to a public LoRaWAN network country-wide, but our concern is, that in theory our public LoRaWAN network ...
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1 vote
1 answer
106 views

How can I identify what kind of IoT device is in my network?

I am trying to build a system in which IoT devices can connect and are classified without the need for manual checks by the system administrator. In this system, IoT devices will send data, and on the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
41 views

How to fix this problem "connection to this site is not secure"? [closed]

I tried to access this website http://www.oaic.dz:9001/forms/frmservlet many times, but it denied me accessing (only white page) as it shows in the attached file (screenshot) I tried installing Java, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
21 views

IoT Malware and Botnets

According to Wikipedia, A botnet is a logical collection of Internet-connected devices such as computers, smartphones or Internet of things (IoT) devices whose security have been breached and control ...
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3 votes
3 answers
89 views

Are there Arduino boards that can be used as a small web server, supporting HTTPS?

I would like to control a relay from over the internet. I was thinking of making this using an Arduino and some wifi/ethernet shield. Searching the internet, I see a lot of shields and modules that ...
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0 votes
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Security concerns

I'm not very versed in WiFi technology and jargon, so please keep this simple. Suppose you have an item that you don't want to give access to your main WiFi network, for security reasons. Suppose ...
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2 votes
2 answers
95 views

How can I make a topic/action to be allowed only to authorized users?

This is the scenario: I have a machine connected to a MQTT AWS-IoT Core broker. This machine is authorized with the AWS certificates to publish in the topic P/serialnb/deleterecords/record_id. This ...
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How to authenticate a device in the IoT platform?

I am building an IoT platform that should receive data from a Raspberry Pi over a REST API. Assuming the platform could in the future be used to manage multiple devices of multiple users, my question ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Bare minimum infrastructure to keep a fleet of IoT devices running and ensure updates to OS and applications?

The number of currently available tools to run and maintain a fleet of IoT devices is staggering. To compare all is not feasible, however a list of the bare minimum required features to look for would ...
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Can I disable read access to an SD card by removing the read wire? [closed]

I want an internet connected host, such as a Raspberry Pi, to be able to write uploaded files to a directly-connected SD card, but I don't want it to be able to read the card. This is for protection ...
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4 votes
0 answers
207 views

Monitor Eufy Homebase from iPhone Apple Home?

I have a Eufy Homebase 2 with 6 EufyCam 2C and a wired doorbell connected. The Homebase is setup as a “room” in Apple HomeKit. The Homebase is Ethernet connected to Xfinity new router, with wifi ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Do I need different certificates for every thing?

I'm learning AWS and I created a new thing with the required certificates to access it via MQTT: root-CA.crt .private.key .cert.pem If I'm not wrong the root-CA.crt file will be the same for all the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Smart Locks with Alert feature

Are there any smart lock products that are capable of sending out alerts: Alert via text/email when lock is opened with code Alerts when lock is forcefully opened Alerts when lock becomes unreachable ...
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1 vote
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How to have a Nedis smart device to connect to WiFi network without app and registering?

I have a Nedis WIFIHTPL20FWT Smart conversion heater. It seems that I need to register to Nedis cloud service and only then using Nedis SmartLife App this device could be connected to my local WLAN. I ...
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1 vote
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Guidance for a data logger and radio

I've currently been working with a consultant, whom recommended we utilize an architecture that is based off the Microchip ATMELAVR 8 bit Arduino framework. The board is called a Mayfly, picture ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Prevent a remote MQTT client from connecting to a broker

I am a newbie to MQTT, I was wondering how could one prevent a client who is not running in the same processor, where the broker is also running, to connect with the broker. In other way, restricting ...
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

MQTT Client Broker communication - can a malicious client masquerade as a legitimate one after being connected with credentials

I would like to ask a question that I have about MQTT client broker communication. Let's say, a client C1 is connected to the broker with user name and password (with no encryption). What happens when ...
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1 vote
0 answers
91 views

OOB pairing without NFC

I'm building a medical device with NFC capability. This medical device can be connected to a mobile phone/tablet over Bluetooth and operated by an App. During the pairing process, the App asks the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
105 views

Testing security of IoT devices

Searching the archives for "fuzz" and "pentest" only results in 2-3 relevant threads on this topic and they are all from 2016/2017. I would really like to subject my IoT devices (e....
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What does the abbreviation "SPINS" for the security protocol for WSN mean?

Since the protocol SPINS is as far as I understand it commonly spread I would like what exactly the abbreviation means in the paper "SPINS: Security Protocols for Sensor Networks" by Perrig et al. he ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Creating a secure MQTT session with TLS while employing smartphone gateway

My IoT device creates a BLE connection with a smartphone from which it connects to cloud. When integrating a TLS, should it be above MQTT or below? All implementation I have reviewed so far does it ...
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1 vote
1 answer
32 views

Tools to generate Access Tokens for Devices without the use of platforms

According to the present IoT landscape the Users of the data can either use the following interfaces to access IoT information: Web Apps Smart Phone Apps However with the user of new technologies as ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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High level architecture for cloud/iot solution with multiple customers/users

We're at the early planning stage for a new cloud IOT solution and i'm looking for some guidance or direction for the high level architecture for our use case: Assume we sell 10,000 edge devices to ...
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11 votes
4 answers
5k views

Are There Energy Monitoring Smart Plugs That Don't Compromise my Privacy/Security?

It seems like every Smart Plug I see on Amazon (including well-reviewed ones) require me to sign up, giving a lot of device, location, and personal information to a company I don't know or trust (...
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2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Secure External Network Control of a MQTT Server on a Raspberry Pi

I'm trying to build a home automation system using MQTT. I'm using a Raspberry Pi as the broker. Everything works great as far as controlling it when connected to the same network. But I want to have ...
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6 votes
2 answers
299 views

Encrypting sensor data on Raspberry Pi?

I am sending sensor data between two Raspberry Pis via lora. I am using two Lora Radios and NOT using a LoraWan network like The Things Network. How should I encrypt my data? Are there any open source ...
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4 votes
2 answers
143 views

OS for Orange Pi zero plus

I bought an orange pi zero plus and want to make a wifi access point that passes all traffic of the connected devices through tor. Simply I wanted a dev board that has gigabit ethernet and wifi for ...
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2 votes
2 answers
55 views

Are nodes that are mobile in a IoT network more vulnerable to certain types of attacks?

I have my final year dissertation coming up and I'm thinking of doing a project where I evaluate attacks on an IoT network using Contiki/Cooja simulator. The project as it stands is too simple and has ...
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6 votes
1 answer
62 views

Securing first connection of non provisioned IoT device

Assumptions The IoT Device is actually a software installable on supported operating system, e.g. Windows or Linux. Lets named it Software-Device. The Software-Device is available to download by ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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IoT <-> Cloud communication method

I am struggling with creation of multiple IoT devices (NanoPi like) which will be controlled via cloud server. I wish to use MQTT as I see this is the best method for small footprint. I know MQTT has ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How enrollment list in Azure IoT Hub Device Provisioning Service isolate tenant specific configuration?

Some documentation and videos regarding Device Provisioning Service (DPS) says it can handle multitenancy but, it seem there is a confusion about how one tenant's configuration/data is isolated from ...
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2 votes
1 answer
176 views

Should there be one device provisioning service for one IoT hub if it is associated with one tenant?

I have a multi-tenancy situation where I have created one IoT hub per tenant. Now if I have 5 tenants, and I create 5 Iot hub, should I also create 5 device provisioning service for those 5 IoT hubs (...
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2 votes
0 answers
92 views

What is the most safe and easy way to send a command to a remote Raspberry Pi? [closed]

I would like to send a command with some predetermined number of arguments to a Raspberry Pi and get the output back from it. I was thinking of using restricted ssh key but was wondering if that is ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why does LoRaWAN 1.1 use MAC-then-encrypt for Join-Accept messages?

In the LoRaWAN 1.1. standard it says on Page 16 "For Join-Accept frame, the MIC field is encrypted with the payload and is not a separate field". In other scenarios the message integrity code is a ...
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5 votes
0 answers
140 views

Provisioning "things" on AWS IoT without certificates confusion

I am new to AWS IoT. I wish to use AWS IoT's feature called JITP (Just In Time Provisioning) to provision my gateways automatically. I am using BeagleBone boards as device gateways. I followed the ...
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8 votes
1 answer
271 views

Privacy with Voice Assistants

I am interested in getting a Smart Home system with a good voice assistant, but my wife refuses to allow a voice assistant like Google Home or Amazon Alexa because she does not want ANY recordings ...
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8 votes
2 answers
66 views

Rogue Start-Up of Robot sweeper

I have an Xiaomi Mi robot sweeper and at 7:00:40pm each day it is being started up by a rogue internet message. I saved the active IP table from the DD-WRT router firmware immediately before and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
380 views

Entropy depletion in /dev/random on Beaglebone

I have a Beagleblone Black with an ARMv7 SoC. /proc/cpuinfo says the hardware is Generic AM33XX. It is running Debian and the 4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel. I run a lot of stress tests as part of my ...
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5 votes
0 answers
56 views

How to use dedicated cryptochips

I have a chip that needs to send arbitrary data to a server that I do not control. We're using mbed TLS at the moment, however the binary is quite large. So, we introduced a dedicated cryptographic ...
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6 votes
1 answer
58 views

How can I view the website from the Maker Pro IoT Smoke Alarm?

https://maker.pro/arduino/projects/iot-smoke-alarm-arduino-esp8266-gas-sensor I'm a layman who wants to do this. Have completed it as shown in the link. But I don't know how to see the website and ...
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3 votes
1 answer
53 views

Possibility of integrating secure elements with sensor networks?

Assume we need to do a type of digital signature such as ECDSA with sensors used in sensor networks. So, is there a secure and possible approach to store the keys in these sensors? For example, is ...
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7 votes
2 answers
305 views

How can I use End-to-end encryption in sensors network?

I have been reading about XMPP and its extensions. One of them called (XEP-xxxx: Sensor-Over-XMPP) which is really interesting. I have read also about another XMPP extension which is OMEMO protocol ...
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6 votes
2 answers
121 views

By what mechanism are IoT widgets vulnerable to hacking?

I hear news stories that millions of thermostats and fridges have not been properly secured by their manufacturers. I could understand how something running linux with sshd running (as it might well ...
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4 votes
1 answer
476 views

How to configure Wifi on a headless smart device?

I am looking to build a smart device with no external controls (no buttons, display, etc.) and am trying to figure out how to most easily allow a user to supply Wifi configuration to it. A specific ...
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